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What are the factors that can influence your decision when choosing a business structure?


Starting a business involves making important decisions, one of which is choosing the right business structure. The business structure determines how your company will be taxed, who will be liable, and how decisions will be made. Choosing the wrong structure can have negative consequences, such as increased taxes or personal liability for business debts. This article will discuss the factors to consider when choosing a business structure and the several types of structures available.

Factors to Consider when Choosing a Business Structure

Types of Business Structures

Before diving into the factors to consider when choosing a business structure, it is essential to have a basic understanding of the types of business structures available. Here are the most common types of business structures:

Sole Proprietorship: This is the simplest and most generic form of business structure. It is a business owned and run by one person.

Partnership: A partnership is a business owned by two or more people.

Limited Liability Company (LLC): An LLC is a hybrid business structure that combines the pass-through taxation of a partnership or sole proprietorship with the limited liability of a corporation.

Corporation: A corporation is a separate legal entity owned by shareholders.

A. Taxes

  • Different business structures have different tax implications
  • Sole proprietors and partnerships are taxed as pass-through entities, while corporations pay taxes on their income
  • LLCs have flexibility in how they are taxed and can choose to be taxed as a sole proprietorship, partnership, or corporation

B. Liability

  • Business owners have varying levels of personal liability depending on the business structure they choose
  • Sole proprietors and partnerships have unlimited personal liability for business debts and obligations
  • LLCs and corporations provide limited liability, which protects personal assets from business debts and lawsuits

C. Ownership and Control

  • Different business structures have different ownership and control structures
  • Sole proprietors have full ownership and control over their business
  • Partnerships divide ownership and control among the partners
  • LLCs and corporations have a more formal ownership and management structure

D. Management

  • Different business structures have different management structures
  • Sole proprietors and partnerships are managed by the owner(s)
  • LLCs can be managed by the members or a separate manager
  • Corporations have a board of directors that oversee management decisions

E. Future Goals and Plans

  • Consider the long-term goals and plans for the business when choosing a structure
  • LLCs and corporations offer more flexibility in terms of expansion and ownership changes
  • Sole proprietorships and partnerships may be more suitable for small businesses with limited growth potential

F. Funding and Investment

Funding and investment are critical components for the growth and sustainability of any business. The business structure you choose can impact your ability to secure funding and investment. For example, corporations have the advantage of issuing stocks to raise capital. On the other hand, partnerships may face difficulties attracting investors due to the shared management structure.

It’s important to assess your funding and investment needs when selecting a business structure. Consider the amount of capital required to start and grow your business, also evaluate the options available to you. Keep in mind that the type of business structure you choose may impact your ability to access funding and investment in the future.


Choosing the right business structure is a critical decision that can have significant implications for your business. The factors to consider when choosing a business structure include liability, tax implications, ownership and management, and funding and investment. By evaluating these factors, you can determine the best structure for your business and set it up for long-term success. Remember, it is essential to consult with legal and tax professionals to make an informed decision.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is the simplest form of business structure?

A: The simplest form of business structure is sole proprietorship. 

Q: What is the main advantage of an LLC?

A: The main advantage of an LLC is that it provides personal liability protection while allowing for pass-through taxation. 

Q: Can a sole proprietorship have employees?

A: Yes, a sole proprietorship can have employees.